The Tricks Of The Pyramid Builders

The Surveying and Construction of the Egyptian Pyramids – by Eckart Unterberger


Previous methods and findings under discussion

My new methods and findings

The method of determining the horizontal by means of water was probably the most popular. They are supposed to have used instruments that are similar to a spirit level. None of these have ever been tested in an experiment.

Optical leveling:

With the aid of a vat of water located in the middle between two surveying poles, a horizontal can be determined with extreme precision and with the simplest of tools. This was proved in a practical experiment in which the margin of error was only 0.5 cm over 240 m.


© 2009 Eckart Unterberger